Capalbio is a town of 4,306 inhabitants, located about 45 km from the capital Grossetoe about 20 miles from Silver Coast camping village .. It is the largest municipality in the south of Tuscany, and the environmental context in which it lies and the art-historical importance assumed in the Renaissance, Capalbio was also nicknamed Little Athens.
"I am happy Capalbio,
defended by the lion which are protected by the Sienese,
and from these first walls restored at his own expense
and the other walls that surround the first,
years running millequattrocentoquattro
beyond which the world had turned ten years and two more times. »
The territory stretches to the extreme southern part of Tuscany, ranging from coastal plains to the corresponding and hilly hinterland, between 0 and 424 meters above sea level of altitude.
It is bordered to the north and east by the town of Manchester, south-east with the municipality of Montalto di Castro, Latium, on the west by the municipality of Orbetello, in the south is washed by the Tyrrhenian Sea: near the coast, lies the Lake Burano, a coastal lake basin.
Other two lakes are located in the hinterland of the township, Lake San Floriano, south-west, and Lake Acquato, north-east. Among the rivers is to report the Chiarone that marks much of the border with Lazio: Its sources are located in the hilly north-east of Capalbio.
The Castle Capalbio was part of the donation to the Abbey of Saints Vincent and Anastasius at Tre Fontane in the year 805 by Charlemagne. Of 1161 is the privilege of Pope Alexander III confirmed that possess the same abbey. A few years later I get the Aldobrandeschi Capalbio lands, which the late thirteenth century, are gained from Orvieto. Following Capalbio passed to the Republic of Siena, falling under the dominion of the Orsini. This is an economically prosperous period, during which major works are carried out and enriched with the estate walls, houses, churches, and complete the Rock, whose construction was begun by the Aldobrandeschi. In April 1555 the Spanish troops of the Prince of Morignano, allied with the Medici, and conquered Siena in June after Porto Ercole and Orbetello, Capalbio also fell under Spanish rule. Capalbio was assigned from Spain to Cosimo I de 'Medici and by this time the country began an economic and demographic crisis. The economic conditions are subject to a standstill due to several factors including the unhealthiness of the swampy areas, the remoteness of the central power, the position to state borders, the lack of an adequate road network and finally the incursions of the Turks. The bad air, however, is one of the most serious problems facing the Maremma during the seventeenth century and it is depopulation due to malaria. The Medici dynasty will maintain its sovereignty over the Grand Duchy of Tuscany until 1737, when, extinguished the main branch, the succession will pass to the dukes of Lorraine. Meanwhile the State of Presidii ceases to be Spanish possession to pass under the domination of the Austrians (1707) and Bourbon (1736). Capalbio lost their administrative autonomy, as Leopold I joined him at Manciano, Leopold II in 1842 and joined him in Orbetello, a status that will last for 100 years. In this time of the disastrous social situation is also added the scourge of brigands that terrorized the Maremma. After the second war of independence Capalbio passes under the Kingdom of Italy and agriculture is still characterized by large estates. In 1952, with the implementation of agrarian reform, preceded by the creation in 1951 of The Maremma, it has a modern development of agriculture and in 1960 obtained its independence Capalbioamministrativa.