Isola del Giglio
Isola del Giglio is an Italian town of 1,465 inhabitants of the province of Grosseto in Tuscany.
It is named after the island of the Tuscan Archipelago, and also includes the Giannutri, located a few kilometers south-east.
The links with the mainland by ferry boarding are guaranteed in Porto Santo Stefano, managed by shipping companies and Maregiglio Toremar. In the summer months with access to the island is conditioned vehicles to pay a small fee.
The island takes its name from the greek word aigylion and subsequent transformation Aegilium Latin, in reference to populations of goats selvatiche.Il municipality, which covers the island of Giglio, properly so called, is almost entirely hilly and the highest peak, Poggio della Pagana, reaches 496 meters above sea level in the center core of the island. The geological composition is predominantly granodiorite. The coastline is 27 km and is mostly rocky, except in some places, where you find the beach of Campese and other smaller beaches located on the east side (Arenella, Cannelle and Caldane).
The Arenella beach against the backdrop of Monte Argentario.
As in almost all the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago, the vegetation of the island of Giglio was formed by ancient oak forests, which covered almost the whole island. Since antiquity, the development of agriculture, livestock and fires have altered the natural environment and caused the disappearance of much of this vegetation that today, with the transition from an agricultural to tourism, is slowly rebuilding. The ancient vegetation that dominated the country, characterized by Mediterranean holm oak and cork trees with heather and strawberry trees, honeysuckle (Lonicera implexa), strappabrache (Smilax aspera), madder (Rubia peregrina) cyclamen (Cyclamen Cyclamen and repandum neapolitanum), is Franco is still on the promontory to the south along the west coast of Giglio Campese, as well as on the east side of the Castle of Poggio del Molino in the Valley. In the fifties the slopes of the Poggio della Pagana have been reforested with pine trees and sea. Until a few decades ago almost the entire surface of the island had been built terraces with granite stone walls (called GREPPE), some of which are still vineyards to produce wine gigliese, which falls into the same designation of origin controlled and the product specification dell'Ansonica Argentario coast. Most of the terraces however, has been abandoned and is slowly colonized by a low garrigue to helichrysum and subsequently cistus.
The beach of Cannelle.
The terrestrial fauna of the island does not have great variety, confined to the wild rabbit, less in Crocidura, the field mouse and the wild sheep, imported recently and not widespread. Are well-represented species of bats (the bulldog of Baskets, the miniottero Schreiber, dwarf bat, the bat albolimbato, the owl, the bat of Elders, the serotino common, the brown-eared eared and gray). Among the species of birds are nesting and wintering birds are worth mentioning: the shag, the hen harrier, buzzard, kestrel, peregrine falcon, the gull, herring gull, the sandwich tern, the wild pigeon, turtle dove, the barn owl, the owl, owl, nightjars, swifts pale, dunnock, the Alpine Accentor, the black redstart, blue rock thrushes, the nun, the Dartford warbler, raven and black bunting. The fish fauna is typical of the Tyrrhenian Sea, with a population still well preserved Pinna nobilis (known locally as bivalve clam), some grouper, snapper, bream, amberjack and many colorful wrasses.
The island is of great interest in the practice of diving, and is considered one of the most popular spessocome by divers in Italy. It is known by divers little challenging, but also for its beautiful corals visible red over 35 meters in depth, accompanied by a rich marine life also characterized by rarity, of species such as starfish Astrospartus mediterraneus, these stars gorgon.