The Lake of Burano
The Lake of Burano is a brackish coastal lagoon at the southern end of the Maremma, in the municipality of Capalbio. It covers about 236 hectares and has an average depth of one meter. It is separated from the Tyrrhenian Sea by a narrow strip of dunes, which is one of the best preserved stretches of coast naturalistically in the region.
The protected area
Since 1980, the State Nature Reserve, classified as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. Part of the lake and the surrounding area also forms part of the WWF Reserve of Lake Burano. In 2005, both the Lake Burano that the Dune Lake Burano were listed as sites of Community interest by the Ministry of Environment.
The site of regional interest "Dune Lake Burano" is almost entirely included in the state nature reserve and almost entirely included in the wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention, "Lago di Burano", part of which is also proposed as a site of Community importance (SCI) for the high continuity and integrity of the sandy coast of the Mediterranean.
Among the many species of water birds that are sedentary, or who stay in the lake for a short period, during migration, we remember the pink flamingo, cormorants, herons, coot, tufted duck, the pochard, mallard and shoveler (symbol of the WWF), the water rail and kingfisher. Among the birds of prey, are marsh harrier and osprey.
Dune Lake Burano
Among the species of bird nesting of most interest are mentioned Charadrius alexandrinus, Calandrella brachydactyla.
Of note among the amphibians Bombina pachypus, a species endemic to peninsular Italy and Triturus carnifex.
Among the invertebrates is the Moth Euplagia quadripunctaria.
The dune is also frequented by mammals such as porcupines, fox and wild boar, but difficult to catch sight of which is easy to see the footprints in the sand.
The vegetation of the dune consists of both woody plants such as oak and cork oak, which has bushy plants such as juniper, myrtle and juniper, with the presence of sarsaparilla (known in local dialect "stracciabrache", for reasons easy to understand) and asparagus. The important pioneer vegetation of the beach offers adequate protection, since the cleaning is performed without using mechanical means, leaving the beached organic material (essential for the survival of many species of beetles and other invertebrates).
For fitocenensi, you indicate crucianelleti dunes of Burano. Juniper Juniperus macrocarpa Dunes of Burano. Populations of flora typical of dune and dune habitats.